Causes of Fibromyalgia
The exact cause of fibromyalgia is unknown, but there are many theories on potential causes backed by medical research.
Existing evidence shows that fibromyalgia does not result in muscle inflammation. Many experts believe that fibromyalgia is associated with changes in the processing of pain signals in the brain and spinal cord. So for someone living with fibromyalgia, sensitivity to pain is heightened due to this change in pain processing. In fact, a brain scan study showed that pain signals were processed abnormally in patients with fibromyalgia compared to those without fibromyalgia.
Other theoretical causes of fibromyalgia.
Other researchers have also linked fibromyalgia causes to genetics. The reason for this is that fibromyalgia tends to run in families. Research has shown that genes involved in pain processing cause some patients to react to pain more strongly than others. Additionally, some researchers have also linked fibromyalgia to emotional and physical trauma.